§ Exemption limit in personal income tax raised by Rs. 15,000 from Rs. 2.25 lakh to Rs. 2.40 lakh for senior citizens; by Rs. 10,000 from Rs. 1.80 lakh to Rs. 1.90 lakh for women tax payers; and by Rs. 10,000 from Rs. 1.50 lakh to Rs. 1.60 lakh for all other categories of individual taxpayers.
§ Deduction under section 80-DD in respect of maintenace, including medical treatment, of a dependent who is a person with severe disability being raised from the present limit of Rs. 75,000 to Rs. 100,000.
§ Surcharge on various direct taxes to be phased out; in the first instance, by eliminating the surcharge of 10 percent on personal income tax.The effective maximum marginal rate is 30.99%.
§ Sun-set clauses for deduction in respect of export profits under sections 10A and 10B of the Income Tax Act being extended by one more year i.e for the FY 2010-11.
§ Fringe Benefit Tax on the value of certain fringe benefits provided by employers to their employees to be abolished wef AY 2010-11.
§ Scope of provisions relating to weighted deduction of 150% on expenditure incurred on in house R & D to all manufacturing businesses being extended except for a small negative list.
§ Businesses to be incentivised by providing investment linked tax exemptions rather than profit linked exemptions.Investment linked tax incentives to be provided, to begin with, to the businesses of setting up and operating ‘cold chain’, warehousing facilities for storing agricultural produce and the business of laying and operating cross country natural gas or cude or petroleum oil pipeline network for distribution on common carrier principle.Under this method, all capital expenditure, other than expenditure on land, goodwill and financial instruments to be fully allowable as deduction.
§ Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) to be increased to 15% of book profits from 10%.The period allowed to carry forward the tax credit under MAT to be extended from 7 to 10 years.
§ Commodity Transaction Tax (CTT) to be abolished wef 1.04.2009.
§ Donations to electoral trusts to be allowed as a 100% deduction in the computation of the income of the donor.
§ Deduction u/s 80E of the Income Tax Act allowed in respect of interest on loans taken for pursuing higher education in specified fields of study to be extended to cover all fields of study, including vocational studies, pursued after completion of schooling.
§ To mitigate the practical difficulties faced by chartitable organisations, anonymous donations received by charitable organisations to the extent of 5% of their total income or a sum of Rs. 1 Lakh, whichever is higher, not to be taxed.
§ Scope of presumptive taxation to be extended to all small businesses with a turnover upto Rs. 40 lakh.All such taxpayers to have option to declare their income from business at the rate of 8% of their turnover and simultaneously enjoy exemption from the compliance burden of maintaining books of accounts. As a procedural simplication, they are also to be exempted from advance tax and allowed to pay their entire tax liability from business at the time of filing their return.This new scheme to come into effect from the financial year 2010-11.
§ Tax holiday u/s 80-IB (9) of the Income Tax Act, which was hitherto available in respect of profits arising from the commercial production or refining of mineral oil, to be extended to natural gas.This tax benefit to be available to undertakings in respect of profits derived from the commercial production of mineral oil and natural gas from oil and gas blocks which are awarded under the NELP-VIII round of bidding.The section to be retrospectively amended to provide that “Undertaking” for the purposes of section 80-IB(9) will mean all blocks awarded in any single contract.
§ New Pension System (NPS) to continue to be subjected to the Exempt-Exempt-Taxed (EET) method of tax treatment of savings.Income of the NPS Trust to be exempted from income tax and any dividend paid on this Trust from Dividend Distribution Tax.All purchase and sale of equity shares and derivatives by the NPS Trust also to be exempt from Securities Transaction Tax.Self employed persons to be enabled to participate in the NPS and to avail of the tax benefits available thereto.